You may be required to limit your journal research to scholarly, academic, peer-reviewed/refereed journals. But what does that mean?
The guidelines below, as well as the example on the next two tabs, may help you distinguish scholarly articles from popular ones.
|Scholarly Journal Articles||Popular Magazine Articles|
|Focus is narrow and specific.||Focus of articles are broader|
|Articles include in-text citations and footnotes, with a bibliography or list of works cited.||Rarely include notes or bibliographies|
|Articles report on research done by the author(s).||Articles may be oriented toward general information or entertainment|
|Articles are almost always peer-reviewed or "refereed" (reviewed by other experts prior to publication). Check the journal's website if you're not sure.||Articles are not reviewed prior to publication|
|Authors are always identified, and are subject experts||Authors may not be identified, or are staff writers or journalists.|
|The audience is other experts - usually the language will use the terminology of the field.||The audience is ordinary people, and the language is less specialized.|
|Graphics are used for purposes of illustration or to convey data||Graphics and illustrations are used for impact and appeal, as well as illustration|
|There are little or no advertisements.||Advertising is everywhere.|
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