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Library Guides

Advanced Public Speaking (Ortega): Home

Message from the Librarian

Look for:

  • Peer Reviewed Sources
  • Scholarly Sources
  • Relevant (on-topic) Sources
  • Sources Available through the library

Evaluating What You Find

Some Questions to ask:

  • Where did this information come from?
  • Is the author an expert in the subject?
  • Does the author/publication cite its sources?
  • Does the author or the publisher have an 'axe to grind,' i.e. a bias?
  • Is the source (author and/or publication) positively regarded? 
  • Is the information out of date?
  • Is this the information I need?

More suggestions:
"Evaluating Sources" from Purdue's Online Writing Lab

How to Spot Fake News: Consider the Source, Read Beyond, Check the Author, Supporting Sources? Check the Date, Is it a Joke? Check your Biases, Ask the Experts

Fact-Checking Sites


Fact-check like a pro with “Four Moves and  Habit” from Michael Caulfield’s free book, Web Literacy for Student Fact Checkers… and other people who care about facts (

Recommended fact-check sites:  

  • Snopes  Snopes is the "definitive fact-checking site" and urban myth site. Editors painstakingly track down and verify sources of information to confirm or dispel the internet rumors people send in. It also posts news-- so use the Fact Check section to find their methodical analyses. 
    When reading Snopes, note the sources that are referenced, including people and publications, and the analysis done on the information received.
  • Factcheck.Org  This project of the Annenberg Public Policy Center posts articles with detailed fact-checking public policy, health, science, and Facebook/internet/online rumors. In particular, take a look at the video on Internet rumors under Viral Spiral (
  • Politifact  "PolitiFact is a fact-checking website that rates the accuracy of claims by elected officials and others who speak up in American politics." Staff are from the Tampa Bay Times, owned by the Poynter Institute. Politifact's most famous feature is the Truth-o-meter. Pay careful attention to the analysis of information the Politifact journalists use-- this is often a source of disagreement with them.
  • Washington Post Fact Checker:
  • NPR Fact-Check:
  • Lie Detector (Univision, Spanish language):
  • Hoax Slayer:
  • FactsCan:
  • El Polígrafo (Mexico, Spanish Language):
  • Guardian Reality Check:


"Top 10 sites to help students check their facts" 

This list, from the International Society for Technology in Education, includes other fact-checking websites


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Phone 973-408-3588; email

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